Thanks to the Mediterranean climate and the lime soil, alongside the Dalmatian coastline prospers full-bodied red wine. Cabernet, Merlot and Pinot Noir grapes are mainly grown here. Particularly tannic red wines, called “Plavac”, come from the rocky and arid terrain of the islands of Solta, Brač und Hvar. To the north, towards Istria, white wines from Semillon and Sauvignon blanc are pressed at Fiume. Nowadays the vineyards offer a rich selection of wines, from which the majority are red wines.
The growing areas are divided into two distinct regions:
The inner Croatia – Kontinentalna Hrvatska – extends along the Drava southeast to the Danube and produces mainly white wines: Traminer, Riesling (Graševina), Muscat Ottonel and Pinot Blanc. The most interesting sorts derive from the slopes of Baranja, since Roman times famous as “golden hill”.
On the Croatian coastline – Hrvatsko Primorje – the red wines are noteable, above all Plavac Mali. Moreover known are Postup and Dingač from the peninsula Pelješac and Faros from the island of Hvar. Plavac is produced on the entire Dalmatian coast. To the west of Split another native sort, Babić, is cultivated on the cliff terraces of Primošten.